Forms

Basic forms

Here is an example of a component with a basic form:

@Component({
  tag: 'my-name',
  styleUrl: 'my-name.css'
})
export class MyName {

  @State() value: string;

  handleSubmit(e) {
    e.preventDefault()
    console.log(this.value);
    // send data to our backend
  }

  handleChange(event) {
    this.value = event.target.value;
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <form onSubmit={(e) => this.handleSubmit(e)}>
        <label>
          Name:
          <input type="text" value={this.value} onInput={(event) => this.handleChange(event)} />
        </label>
        <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
      </form>
    );
  }
}

Let's go over what is happening here. First we bind the value of the input to a state variable, in this case this.value. We then set our state variable to the new value of the input with the handleChange method we have bound to onInput. onInput will fire every keystroke that the user types into the input.

Advanced forms

Here is an example of a component with a more advanced form:

@Component({
  tag: 'my-name',
  styleUrl: 'my-name.css'
})
export class MyName {

  @State() value: string;
  @State() selectValue: string;
  @State() secondSelectValue: string;
  @State() avOptions: any[];

  handleSubmit() {
    console.log(this.value);
  }

  handleChange(event) {
    this.value = event.target.value;

    if (event.target.validity.typeMismatch) {
      console.log('this element is not valid')
    }
  }

  handleSelect(event) {
    console.log(event.target.value);
    this.selectValue = event.target.value;
  }

  handleSecondSelect(event) {
    console.log(event.target.value);
    this.secondSelectValue = event.target.value;
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <form onSubmit={(e) => this.handleSubmit(e)}>
        <label>
          Email:
          <input type="email" value={this.value} onInput={(e) => this.handleChange(e)} />
        </label>

        <select onInput={(event) => this.handleSelect(event)}>
          <option value="volvo" selected={this.selectValue === 'volvo'}>Volvo</option>
          <option value="saab" selected={this.selectValue === 'saab'}>Saab</option>
          <option value="mercedes" selected={this.selectValue === 'mercedes'}>Mercedes</option>
          <option value="audi" selected={this.selectValue === 'audi'}>Audi</option>
        </select>

        <select onInput={(event) => this.handleSecondSelect(event)}>
          {this.avOptions.map(recipient => (
            <option value={recipient.id} selected={this.selectedReceiverIds.indexOf(recipient.id) !== -1}>{recipient.name}</option>
          ))}
        </select>

        <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
      </form>
    );
  }
}

This form is a little more advanced in that it has two select inputs along with an email input. We also do validity checking of our email input in the handleChange method. We handle the select element in a very similar manner to how we handle text inputs.

For the validity checking, we are #usingtheplatform and are using the constraint validation api that is built right into the browser to check if the user is actually entering an email or not.

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