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Version: v4.1

Hydrate App

The hydrate app is a Stencil output target which generates a module that can be used on a NodeJS server to hydrate HTML and implement server side rendering (SSR). This functionality is used internally by the Stencil compiler for prerendering, as well as for the Angular Universal SSR for the Ionic framework. However, like Stencil components, the hydrate app itself is not restricted to one framework.

Note that Stencil does NOT use Puppeteer for SSR or prerendering.

How to Use the Hydrate App

Server side rendering (SSR) can be accomplished in a similar way to prerendering. Instead of using the --prerender CLI flag, you can an output target of type 'dist-hydrate-script' to your stencil.config.ts, like so:

outputTargets: [
type: 'dist-hydrate-script',

This will generate a hydrate app in your root project directory that can be imported and used by your Node server.

After publishing your component library, you can import the hydrate app into your server's code like this:

import { hydrateDocument } from 'yourpackage/hydrate';

The hydrate app module exports two functions, hydrateDocument and renderToString. hydrateDocument takes a document as its input while renderToString takes a raw HTML string. Both functions return a Promise which wraps a result object.


You can use hydrateDocument as a part of your server's response logic before serving the web page. hydrateDocument takes two arguments, a document and a config object. The function returns a promise with the hydrated results, with the hydrated HTML under the html property.

Example taken from Ionic Angular server

import { hydrateDocument } from 'yourpackage/hydrate';

export function hydrateComponents(doc) {
return hydrateDocument(doc)
.then((hydrateResults) => {
// execute logic based on results
return hydrateResults;

hydrateDocument Options

  • canonicalUrl - string
  • constrainTimeouts - boolean
  • clientHydrateAnnotations - boolean
  • cookie - string
  • direction - string
  • language - string
  • maxHydrateCount - number
  • referrer - string
  • removeScripts - boolean
  • removeUnusedStyles - boolean
  • resourcesUrl - string
  • timeout - number
  • title - string
  • url - string
  • userAgent - string


The hydrate app also has a renderToString function that takes an HTML string and returns a promise of HydrateResults. The optional second parameter is a config object that can alter the output of the markup. Like hydrateDocument, the hydrated HTML can be found under the html property.

Example taken from Ionic Core

const results = await hydrate.renderToString(srcHtml, {
prettyHtml: true,
removeScripts: true


renderToString Options

  • approximateLineWidth - number
  • prettyHtml - boolean
  • removeAttributeQuotes - boolean
  • removeBooleanAttributeQuotes - boolean
  • removeEmptyAttributes - boolean
  • removeHtmlComments - boolean
  • afterHydrate - boolean
  • beforeHydrate - boolean