What is a Design System?
A Design System consists of UI components and a clearly defined visual style, released as both code implementations and design artifacts. When adopted by all product teams, a more cohesive customer experience emerges.
There are several aspects that Design Systems consist of.
A component is a standalone UI element designed to be reusable across many projects. Its goal is to do one thing well while remaining abstract enough to allow for a variety of use cases. Developers can use them as building blocks to build new user experiences. A key benefit quickly becomes clear: not having to worry about the core design and functionality of each component every time they use them. Examples include buttons, links, forms, input fields, and modals.
A pattern is an opinionated use of components. Often, multiple components are combined together in order to create a standardized user experience (UX). Their key benefit is intertwined: UX as well as developer experience (DX). After implementing patterns, users will understand the application better and accomplish their tasks faster. When the development team understands the proper way to use components together, software applications become easier to use. Examples include saving data to the system, capturing data from forms, and filtering and analyzing data.
A cohesive company brand strengthens its value in the minds of the customer. In the context of Design Systems, this means defining various aspects of the visual style, including colors, typography, and icons. Defining primary, secondary, and tertiary colors helps an application stand out and is more user-friendly. The right typography ensures users are not distracted while using an app. Finally, icons increase engagement in a product and make it “pop” visually.
By leveraging the components, patterns, and visual language of the Design System, designers can create design artifacts representing UI workflows. Developers refer to the artifacts as guidance for implementing the design with code.
With a design system in place, its true value is revealed. The entire product development team is freed up to focus on what matters most: solving customer problems and delivering value. Additionally, the avoidance of having teams working in parallel, recreating the same UI elements over and over, has a real-world project impact in terms of increased time to market and cost savings.
Design Systems allow project teams to work better together. Designers define a centralized “source of truth” for software application best practices, referenceable by anyone in a product organization. Developers no longer need to spend time rethinking how to build common app scenarios, such as application search or data table grids. When the business inevitably makes changes to the Design System, they can easily be applied to all projects. The end result is a better product for your users.