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Stencil is part of the Ionic Ecosystem ->

Reactive Data

Stencil components update when props or state on a component change. For performance and simplicity, Stencil only compares references for changes, and will not rerender when data inside of an array or object changes.

Rendering methods

When a component updates because of a state change (props or state change), the render() method is scheduled to run.

Watch Decorator

Watch will fire the method it's attached to when a user updates a property, or when an internal state member changes. That method will receive the new value of the prop/state, along with the old value. Watch is useful for validation or the handling of side effects. The Watch decorator does not fire when a component initially loads.

import { Prop, State, Watch } from '@stencil/core';

export class LoadingIndicator {
  @Prop() activated: boolean;
  @State() busy: boolean;

  watchPropHandler(newValue: boolean, oldValue: boolean) {
    console.log('The new value of activated is: ', newValue);

  watchStateHandler(newValue: boolean, oldValue: boolean) {
    console.log('The new value of busy is: ', newValue);

Handling arrays and objects

To update array or object data, use the following techniques, which are fast-becoming a core part of the modern JavaScript toolbox.

Updating arrays

For arrays, the standard mutable array operations such as push() and unshift() won't trigger a component update. Instead, non-mutable array operators should be used as they return a copy of a new array. These include map() and filter(), and the ES6 spread operator syntax.

For example, to push a new item to an array, create a new array with the existing values and the new value at the end:

@State() items: string[];

// our original array
this.items = ['ionic', 'stencil', 'webcomponents'];

// update the array
this.items = [

The ...this.items syntax is a relatively new feature of JavaScript that "expands" the given object in place. Read more about the Spread operator here.

Updating an object

The spread operator should also be used to update objects. As with arrays, mutating an object will not trigger a view update in Stencil, but returning a new copy of the object will. Below is an example:

@State() myCoolObject;

// our original object
this.myCoolObject = {first: '1', second: '2'}

// update our object
this.myCoolObject = { ...myCoolObject, third: '3' }