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Extras

The extras config contains options to add and remove runtime for DOM features that require manipulations to polyfills. For example, not all DOM APIs are fully polyfilled when using the Slot polyfill. Most of these are opt-in, since not all users require the additional runtime.

By default, Stencil does not work on IE11, Edge 18 and below (Edge before it moved to Chromium) and Safari 10. In order to support legacy browsers, the browsers would need to download and run polyfills. By using the extras config, apps can opt-in these additional runtime settings.

Example extras config when supporting legacy browsers:

export const config: Config = {
  buildEs5: 'prod',
  extras: {
    cssVarsShim: true,
    dynamicImportShim: true,
    shadowDomShim: true,
    safari10: true,
    scriptDataOpts: true,
    appendChildSlotFix: false,
    cloneNodeFix: false,
    slotChildNodesFix: true,
  }
};

Note: buildEs5: 'prod' was also set in the config since this example needs to support legacy browsers. See the buildEs5 config for more information.

appendChildSlotFix

By default, the slot polyfill does not update appendChild() so that it appends new child nodes into the correct child slot like how shadow dom works. This is an opt-in polyfill for those who need it.

cloneNodeFix

By default, the runtime does not polyfill cloneNode() when cloning a component that uses the slot polyfill. This is an opt-in polyfill for those who need it.

cssVarsShim

Include the CSS Custom Property polyfill/shim for legacy browsers.

A result of this being set to false is that you will need to manually provide "fallback" properties to legacy builds. For example, in the css below, the css variable will not be polyfilled for IE11, so the developer will manually need to provide a fallback just before the css variable. If the app does not need to support IE11 it's recommended to leave cssVarsShim set to the default value of false.

div {
  color: blue; /* Used by IE */
  color: var(--color); /* Used by modern browsers */
}

dynamicImportShim

Dynamic import() shim. This is only needed for Edge 18 and below, and Firefox 67 and below. If you do not need to support Edge 18 and below (Edge before it moved to Chromium) then it's recommended to set dynamicImportShim to false. Defaults to false.

lifecycleDOMEvents

Dispatches component lifecycle events. By default these events are not dispatched, but by enabling this to true these events can be listened for on window. Mainly used for testing.

Event Name Description
stencil_appload The app and all of its child components have finished loading.
stencil_componentWillLoad Dispatched for each component's componentWillLoad.
stencil_componentWillUpdate Dispatched for each component's componentWillUpdate.
stencil_componentWillRender Dispatched for each component's componentWillRender.
stencil_componentDidLoad Dispatched for each component's componentDidLoad.
stencil_componentDidUpdate Dispatched for each component's componentDidUpdate.
stencil_componentDidRender Dispatched for each component's componentDidRender.

safari10

Safari 10 supports ES modules with <script type="module">, however, it did not implement <script nomodule>. When set safari10 is set to false, the runtime will not patch support for Safari 10. If the app does not need to support Safari 10, it's recommended to set this to false. Defaults to false.

scriptDataOpts

It is possible to assign data to the actual <script> element's data-opts property, which then gets passed to Stencil's initial bootstrap. This feature is only required for very special cases and rarely needed. When set to false it will not read this data. Defaults to false.

shadowDomShim

If enabled true, the runtime will check if the shadow dom shim is required. However, if it's determined that shadow dom is already natively supported by the browser then it does not request the shim. Setting to false will avoid all shadow dom tests. If the app does not need to support IE11 or Edge 18 and below, it's recommended to set shadowDomShim to false. Defaults to false.

slotChildNodesFix

For browsers that do not support shadow dom (IE11 and Edge 18 and below), slot is polyfilled to simulate the same behavior. However, the host element's childNodes and children getters are not patched to only show the child nodes and elements of the default slot. Defaults to false.

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